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Next-generation precision genome engineering and plant biotechnology

Bibliography:

Magdy M. Mahfouz, Teodoro Cardi, C. Neal Stewart Jr. Next-generation precision genome engineering and plant biotechnology. Plant Cell Reports. DOI: 10.1007/s00299-016-2009-8

Authors:

Magdy M. Mahfouz, Teodoro Cardi, C. Neal Stewart Jr

Keywords:

N/A

Year:

2016

Abstract:

​In recent history, mutagenesis, selection, and breeding of crop varieties have significantly improved agricultural traits and increased yields, for example, the renowned Green Revolution work on control of plant stature. Early in the 1990s, transgenic technologies were transformative to commercial crop agriculture by adding foreign DNA to improve plant traits. The transgenic methods traditionally used for crop improvement have many limitations, including random insertions, potential silencing, and varied gene expression. Transgenic methods also do not exploit the full potential of the genetic repertoire of the plant species targeted for improvement. Moreover, there remain dogged public concerns on consuming food from transgenic plants, “GMOs,” especially those with genes from distantly related organisms. Nonetheless, crop improvement and basic research have greatly benefitted from targeted modification of plant genomes. In this special issue (SI), which includes eight reviews, two opinion papers, and four original articles, the development of targeted genome editing approaches in higher plants is discussed from various perspectives, including research, intellectual property, regulatory affairs, and consumer acceptance issues.

ISSN:

0721-7714